Psychology is the scientific study of human behavior, experience, and mental processes. It’s a broad field that examines everything from your personality to how you react to different situations. However, it has not always been called psychology – in fact, for centuries, this was just something everyone did without really thinking about it. The term “psychology” was coined by Wilhelm Wundt in 1879 when he opened the first experimental laboratory dedicated exclusively to psychological research at Leipzig University. From there on out people became more aware of their own minds and what they were doing with them because now others could be observing them!
Psychologists are professionals who have studied or are studying professionally- typically at the university level or through postgraduate training courses.
As this is a complex, multi-layered field, it has many subfields and approaches. These can be divided into broad categories:
This is the study of the biological substrates of behavior and mental states, including the brain, genes, hormone receptors, etc., which are all involved in how people feel, think, act and remember things. This involves understanding how we perceive things and encode them into memory; how we learn and develop language; how we experience emotions; and so on – basically everything associated with neuroscience to some extent (even neuropsychology). It also involves studying cognitive abilities such as attention and learning and memory processes at a physiological level.
Cognitive focuses on how people perceive, remember, understand, and think about things. This involves categorizing thoughts by using concepts based on an individual’s ability to process information. For example, how do humans learn new skills? How are complex decisions made? How does memory work? How does perception differ between individuals? And so on. This branch is closely related to neuroscience, with cognitive neuropsychology examining brain injury patients in order to test hypotheses about the structure or function of neural systems that support cognition (e.g., memory).
It focuses on the evaluation, diagnosis, and treatment of psychological disorders. Clinical psychologists generally work with an individual or a group of people to assess the nature of their problems and come up with strategies for alleviating them. In some cases, they may refer patients for more specialist treatment if appropriate (e.g., using techniques originally developed within psychiatry). Psychologists may also work in schools, prisons or other places where it can be applied to help people overcome difficulties in their lives. it usually deals with life-or-death situations; therefore it is not uncommon for clinical psychologists to be involved directly with one or several suicides.
4) Industrial and organizational
This branch studies the behavior of workers and the organizations they work for. Its primary purpose is to improve productivity, satisfaction, and well-being in general. It applies to all aspects of organizational life including the design of work environments, employee selection, and placement, training and development, performance appraisal, leadership, communication processes within an organization, etc. The goal of this field is typically stated as increasing either the quality or quantity of work performed by employees or customers.
Conclusion: Psychology is the scientific study of human behavior, experience, and mental processes. It’s a broad field that examines everything from your personality to how you react to different situations.